Julia Tcharfas, 31 May 2014
In 1964 Russia launched the first multi-passanger crew to space. This crew consisted of a mixed skill set: Vladimir Komarov a pilot, Konstantin Feoktisov an engineer, and Boris Yegorov a doctor. This flight marked a decisive turn away from purely military goals. The crews diverse skill set was imperative to fly long term missions, and further separated the space programme from the military. In order to train these non-pilots, new techniques had to be invented, including psychological co-operation training.